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Development of S&T System and Experience of Tanzania on S&T Data Collections »
Tanzania resulted from the merger between Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964 into a United Republic of Tanzania. It is located between the latitudes 1ºS and 12ºS and the longitudes 30ºE and 40ºE and covering nearly one million (945,087) sq. Km of mostly arable land. The topography and climate are very variable across this mainly plateau country.It harbours abundant natural resources namely hydropower potential, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gold, natural gas, nickel and various attractive tourist features such as natural animal reserves, forests, mountains which are capable of supporting major development programme so as to improve the quality of life of its presently nearly 36 million inhabitants with literacy rate of 68.7%.
The average per capita income in Tanzania is US $ 0.70 per day, the economy is growing at a rate of 3.5%. Agriculture is the largest productive sector (46%) while the manufacturing industry contributes to less than 10% of our GDP; while agriculture enjoys on the most important sector in terms of production employment and export earnings, its contribution has depended on a small number of crops whose value has been adversely affected by various international commodity prices.